38 RC Passage 3
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I found it tough to decide between D and E. I ultimately chose D because it seemed to better reference the issues presented earlier in the passage (the failed one sided approach). I guess E is better though because it is more general?
For Question 19, I struggled between answer choice B and E. I went with answer choice B because I felt the word "convey" and "details" got across the foundation being laid in the first paragraph. I struggled alot between which was better. I now see that maybe a better way to choose the correct answer would have been to zero in on the phrase, "Philip Abrams argues that" in line 4. The word "argue" would be the tie breaker that would suggest that answer choice E is the right one because the word argue goes with the word basis? Would there have been another way to clearly see that answer choice B is wrong?
Think about it this way: if you wanted to know the details of Abrams's thinking, coulod you find any of them in that first paragraph? We're told that sociologists need to "move beyond," but aren't given any details at all about how they should do that.
By contrast, if you want to know the basis for Abrams's thinking, it's right there—historical sociology is the back and forth that Abrams calls "structuring."
You can see that the "did we?" test we use in Flaw and Method questions is also fruitful in these purpose-type questions!