36 LR One Question 18
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That totally makes sense on a first pass, where you're looking for the expected conditional.
But once you don't find what you're looking for, that's when you cast your net wider and give consideration to other answers (and when you use your correctness tests!).
The passage says "If the data reported in a recent study are correct,.....", and then gives the link 'Moderate exercise lowers blood cholesterol levels' - which completes the whole logic chain:
ME --> decrease blood cholesterol --> decrease hardening arteries --> decrease blockage due to clots
Question 1. In this case, is answer D correct because it gave us the whole chain in the passage and we didn't need to make any assumptions about connections?
When it says in the passage:
"if the data reported in a recent study are correct,...." And an answer choice says:
"The data reported in a recent study are correct"
Is that answer usually the right one?
1. Yes; that's absolutely correct.
2. I only remember one other question that did this. But yes, if you had a complete logical chain starting with a condition (like here), the only way you could add anything probative to it would be to assert that one of the conditions of the chain is true: imagine an argument saying If Henry is running late, then June will be right along. If June arrives shortly, then Wallace will share his omelet. If Wallace shares his omelet, Suzanne will be jealous. If Suzanne gets jealous, Alexander will let slip the dogs of war. If the dogs of war are loosed, margarine prices will tumble. If Adrian's calculations are correct, then Henry's running late. Thus, margarine prices will tumble. You could prove the conclusion here by asserting any condition along the chain. Say Adrian's correct, or that Suzanne is jealous, or that Wallace will share his omelet. Any one will do; it doesn't have to be the first one.